The Stone Fish (Synanceia verrucosa) is usually found sitting very still at the bottom of the sea camouflaged among rocks and coral. They feed on small fish and swimming invertebrates. Stone Fish are masters of camouflage, enabling them to lie in wait for their victims to come close, before lunging forward and inhaling their prey with their large mouths. When disturbed they raise the spines along their backs and will usually move off out of harm's way, however, if cornered they are able to charge at considerable speed. They hunt by ambushing their prey, as unsuspecting fish wander too close and in an instant get swallowed whole by the predator. Their large mouths and extendable stomachs mean they can eat very large prey with ease. They have tubular gill openings behind the pectoral fins that contract and expand, pumping water in through the mouth and out of the gills. This behavior allows them to appear motionless to their unsuspecting prey. While like most scorpaenids, the sting from the dorsal spines of this species can be excruciatingly painful and does pose a real danger to the victim.
Stone Fish 3-6 cm
Scientific Name Synanceia verrucosa Origin Indonesia, Australia Max Size 35 cm Reef Safe With Caution Min Tank Size Medium Diet Carnivore Care Level Moderate Temperament Extreme-Preditor